- The Challenger was built on an all-new E-body platform, which was a shortened B-body Charger/Coronet chassis, but the Challenger's wheelbase was 2" longer than the Barracuda's, and although they were corporate twins, they shared no body panels. The Challenger could be outfitted with just about any option, several different model configurations and every engine in Chrysler's lineup including the holy-grail 426 Hemi on R/T (Road/Track) models. There were base, SE, R/T and T/A models to choose from, and the SE and R/T model could be overlapped. Coupe and convertibles were available on all versions except the T/A, which was hardtop only.
- Base models could have a 145 hp 3.7L (225 cid) Slant-6, 230 hp 5.2L (318 cid) V8 (standard on the SE) or a 6.2L (383 cid) V8 in 2- or 4-bbl guise (275 and 330 hp respectively). The 275 hp 5.5L (340 cid) V8 was also available on the base. The base engine for the R/T was the 335 hp 383-4 Magnum. Optional was the 7.2L (440 cid) Magnum V8 with a 4- or 6-bbl (6-Pack) setup (375 and 390 hp respectively). And, of course, the 425 hp 7.0L (426 cid) Hemi. The lone engine choice on the T/A model was a 290 hp 340 6-pack V8 with either an automatic or a 4-speed tranny. Got all that?
- Their options list was equally exhausting, being available with such niceties as power windows, cruise control, air conditioning (except the 440-6 or the Hemi)... the list went on (literally). Hardtop SE models differed visually from base and R/T models by having a standard vinyl roof with a smaller formal back window than the rest. Automatic models could have either a console or a column shifter, and 4-speed models had the now very-desirable pistol-grip shifter. Optional on SE was an overhead console with low-fuel, door-ajar, and seat-belt lights. 4-speed manuals and 3-speed automatics were available on all engines, and 3-speed manuals could be had on all but the 440-4, 440-6 and the Hemi.
- 1970 was the highest-year selling Challenger, at almost 80,000 units altogether (including the T/A) and, to many Challenger fans, the most desirable.
- A white 1970 Challenger R/T had the starring role in the cult-classic 1971 movie Vanishing Point that featured Barry Newman in the role of Kowalski, the Challenger's driver. A similar car was also used in the made-for-TV Vanishing Point remake in 1997 which featured Viggo Mortensen.
- A Hemi-Orange 1970 Challenger R/T was also featured in the 2003 film 2 Fast 2 Furious which starred Paul Walker and Tyrese Gibson.
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